Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park - a land of sand and fire

Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park covers an area of ​​800 square kilometers in central East Java. Visitors who love volcanic activities must head to the park and witness ashes rise from Mount Semeru, an active volcano 3,676 meters above sea level.

Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park - a land of sand and fire

Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is the only protected area in Indonesia with a 10-kilometer-long sandy sea called Tengger, from which four conical volcanoes have appeared. The conical volcanoes are Mount Batok (2,470 m), Mount Kursi (2,581 m), Mount Watangan (2,661 m) and Mount Widodaren (2,650 m). However, Mount Bromo is still the only active volcano. The temperature on the top of Mount Bromo is about 5-18 degrees Celsius. Towards the south of the park is a highland plateau divided by valleys and decorated with several beautiful lakes reaching the foot of Mount Semeru.

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Mount Bromo volcano is part of 
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park which covers an area of ​​800 square kilometers. While it may be tiny when compared to other volcanoes in Indonesia, the magnificent Mt Bromo won't disappoint with its breathtaking and dramatic landscape. At 2,392 meters tall, Mt Bromo is not one of Indonesia's tallest mountains but its amazing beauty lies in its astonishing vista.
From a vantage point on Mount Penanjakan (2,770 meters above sea level), 2.5 hours from Malang. Visitors from all over the world come to watch the sunrise on Mt Bromo. From this position there will be wonderful views. All you'll hear is the camera click as visitors snap their cameras in hopes of capturing the astonishing sight of Mt Bromo in the foreground with Mt Semeru spraying smoke in the distance and the sun shining.
Mt Bromo was of special significance to the Tenggers, who believed that this was the place where a brave prince gave his life for his family. Residents appease the gods once a year during the annual Kasada festival, where vegetables, chickens and money are donated to the crater.

How to get there?

By Air: You can fly with Sriwijaya Air, which flies twice daily to Malang from Jakarta. There are also many flights from airlines such as Citilink and Batik Air that fly daily from the capital Jakarta to Surabaya.
By road: There are many ways to enter Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park . Visitors can come from Probolinggo via the village of Ngadisari. You can also go northeast through Pasuruan through Tosari village. The third, a more difficult approach, is through Ngadas.
The Probolinggo approach is the easiest and most popular way to go by public bus. Wonokitri is the closest and easiest approach if you are traveling by private vehicle from Surabaya (5 hour journey). When you get to those villages, you have to rent 4 x 4 cars to get closer to Mount Bromo.
Most tourist groups from Surabaya stay overnight at Tretes, where some hotels, like Malang, have the added advantage of having an airport. Alternatively, you can also contact a travel agency to arrange your trip.

What is the attraction of Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park?

Many visitors choose to walk while they reach the park. There were clear traces on the sandy sea leading up to the foot of Mount Bromo. Alternatively, you can rent a jeep or rent a horse from Cemoro Lawang to get around.
The 5,250-hectare Tengger sandy beach is perfect for walking or horseback riding and feel like a wild west cowboy. You can also hike to the top of Mount Bromo or, if you feel challenged enough, to the top of Mount Semeru, the highest mountain in Java land. For other options, you can watch a beautiful sunrise from Ranu Kumbolo, where the sun will slowly rise from the valley between the two hills like a fairy tale. You can also visit nearby waterfalls such as Madakaripura, Coban Sewu, Coban Pelangi and Coban Jahe.
Most of the Tengger natives accepted Hinduism as their religion. Therefore, there are several Hindu temples around Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park . You can visit Kidal Temple, Luhur Poten Temple, Mandara Giri Semeru Agung Temple and Jago Temple to admire historic splendor.
Besides all the natural wonders, the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park also has its own cultural charm. Ngadas, a peaceful village on the slopes of Mt. Bromo, it will be an interesting thing not to be missed. Located in the highlands just from Mt. MT. Bromo, the average temperature is about 0-25 degrees Celsius, with the air cool to relatively cold. The villagers, mostly Tengger indigenous peoples, still practice ancient rituals and rituals that are believed to bring order, good fortune, and prosperity.

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